Umut Yıldız, who started as deputy general director at Plan-S Satellite and Space Technologies, which was founded in Turkey after NASA to develop, produce and provide satellite services in space technology, answered the questions.
Stating that he is focusing his work on constellations with the team he works in Turkey, Yıldız explained that they are trying to provide “Internet of Things” (IoT) communication and earth observation services with constellations using this new space technology.
Pointing out that constellation technology is very new in the world, Yıldız said, “The Internet provided by a few different companies so far was actually not very cheap. We reacted very quickly to this new constellation technology in Turkey. We’re not late.” “This technology. We are one of the first in the world to do this,” he said.
Explaining that with today’s technology, it can take 12 to 24 hours or a few days for a single satellite that is constantly orbiting the world to reach the same point again, Yıldız said: “We can control the constellations we work on as groups describe.” small satellites merged. A constellation can reach any point in the world within 1-24 hours.” “It can return in as little as 2 hours or even half an hour. Therefore, much more effective results can be achieved in terms of data.” stated.
It will be possible to track any part of the world every 5 minutes
Yıldız stated that with the 5 test satellites sent into space by Plan-S, they were able to receive a lot of data from different parts of the world and passed the tests successfully.
Explaining that both of these satellites are taking images and collecting data from sensors in different parts of the world, Yıldız said, “We will send 12 more satellites this year and now we have reached the stage where they can be used commercially.” It will be a big contribution to Turkey’s exports.”
Noting that the revisit time from the same point will decrease to 2 hours as the number of satellites increases, Yıldız said, “In the second phase, 84 satellites will be increased and this time will be reduced to half an hour. In the third phase.”, which may last longer than 5 years, 280 satellites will be sent and the satellite will be sent to the same point as the Earth.” “The transit time from this point will be shortened to 5 minutes. That’s how it will be now.” “It’s possible to have 10 million, maybe even a few 100 million devices communicating with the Internet of Things,” he said.
“‘Urgent’ messages can be sent even when there is no internet connection.”
Umut Yıldız spoke about the importance of constellations reducing the time needed to capture images of the Earth during disasters and emergencies as follows:
“For example, Turkey is an earthquake country, earthquakes occur all the time and we can experience painful disasters. After a disaster, you need to constantly take pictures of this region. Because terrestrial communication lines can fail. We will be able to communicate, even if it is simple, with these satellites. In an emergency, even if there is an internet connection.” “It will be possible to send an ‘urgent’ message even from a cell phone, even if it has no reception.”
The status of support teams can also be monitored
Stating that in addition to the communication satellites, 24 imaging satellites are planned, Umut Yıldız said: “With the imaging satellites, we will be able to take instant images of a region,” said.
Stating that in current technology, mobile phones contain maps with data from one or two years ago, Yıldız pointed out the need for instant images, especially during disasters and emergencies.
Yıldız explained that satellite teams can receive images at very short intervals and therefore the difference between the two situations is understandable: “With 280 satellites, the time needed from the same point on the Earth is reduced to 5 minutes. What.” Is the situation of the relief teams, how much help is needed?” “Such information will be available in a very short time with this technology. “This will also be of great use to us in disaster management.” gave his assessment.
Explaining that they want to obtain images with a resolution of about 1 meter using imaging satellites, Yıldız said: “If everything goes well, we have the opportunity to send images to places that need IoT communication at any time.” In other words, we will be able to do many things at the same time. he said.
“It will also monitor climate change”
When asked what other types of data these satellites can collect, Yıldız said:
“In addition to climate and temperature changes, there can be a lot of different data. For example, a logistics company knows where its ships sail through the sea. The cold chain in the containers inside the ship can be traced. Logistics companies.” Thanks to these satellites, they can monitor their vehicles even in regions where there is no internet. Natural gas, water, electricity and power line problems can also be monitored.
In fact, these satellites will be the world’s eyes in space. “This allows us to constantly track the world and utilize all of our needs in the world in the most efficient way.”
“We plan to implement the lunar project within a few years”
Yıldız explained that they do not only look at the project commercially and said: “We also want to contribute to the world’s science and society. Maybe it won’t be very big, but we can also develop a small lunar project. We will be able to get the information we are interested in with a small satellite that goes to the moon and orbits it.” “We expect to implement this within a few years,” he said.
Stating that they had previously created a program with Turkey’s first astronaut Alper Gezeravcı, Yıldız said, “I hope that from now on we will come across different programs and have the opportunity to explain how much there is to do in space. “” said.
“I want the space ecosystem to be established in Turkey”
Stating that interest in space in Turkey has been constantly developing in recent years, Umut Yıldız said: “I want to make sure that young people and children are more interested in space. For this, for example, I would like to increase the number of science centers in Turkey,” he said.
Stating that he wants to work with a local company from Turkey to establish various science centers, especially in disadvantaged regions, Yıldız said, “What I want to see in the long term is the establishment of a space ecosystem in Turkey,” said.
“I can teach at universities”
Umut Yıldız emphasized that he would like to contribute to the projects of the Turkish space program and said that some offers have been received in this regard.
When reminded of YÖK’s new regulation regarding the appointment of qualified researchers with doctoral degrees who work outside of universities to higher education institutions, Yıldız said: “As someone who works in the industry, as a professor, I would like to teach flexibly in universities. “I also want to be useful to the students,” he said.