Invented by John Logie Baird in England in 1923, the television has been indispensable in our homes since day one. Television, which came to life in black and white, has undergone many changes in this century-old journey with technological developments.
Television, which is seen as the most important mass communication tool, continues to maintain its popularity by appealing to all segments with different contents.
After the invention of television in 1923, the first television appearance was also broadcast by Baird in 1926.
By the early 1930s, television began to be sold and to appeal to the masses. With the great interest of the masses in television, color television studies gained momentum in the 1940s and in the 1950s, the first color television went on sale in the USA.
With the increasing prevalence of television, a wired remote was needed for channel change, volume up and down operations. At the end of the studies, the years 1955-1960 became the transition period to wireless controls.
Plasma technology has evolved
With the development of plasma technology in the world in the 1960s, the journey of transformation also began in television. By the early 1990s, Plasma and LCD screen panels appeared as a transformation. Tube, heavy and large televisions were replaced by thin screens and the first plasma television was offered for sale in Japan.
LED televisions, the most popular type of television today, were first produced in 2004. LED televisions have a more vivid image by consuming much less energy than plasma and LCD televisions.
Turkey’s television story
Television broadcasting activities in our country were first carried out in 1952 within the body of Istanbul Technical University (ITU).
The broadcast took place in the building in Maçka, which was used as the “Maçka Armory” in the past, then allocated to ITU in 1955, and now used as the School of Foreign Languages.
The broadcasts, which started as 2 hours once a week, were increased to 5 and a half hours with the increase in the number of technical staff. The first live broadcast after tape broadcasts was on November 12, 1961. It took place with the Turkey-Soviet Union match.
TRT was founded in 1964
On May 1, 1964, the radio broadcasts made under Türk Telsiz Telefon A.Ş. were gathered under the roof of TRT.
With the enactment of the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT) Law, ITU TV ended its broadcasting life in 1970 and transferred its transmitters to TRT.
While broadcasting continued to develop rapidly in Turkey, the first television in Turkey was produced 50 percent domestically in 1967.
The first broadcast took an hour and a half
On January 31, 1968, Turkey’s first trial television broadcast was made at Mithatpaşa Studio in Ankara.
This first broadcast took about 1.5 hours. Afterwards, the broadcasts, which continued for three hours, three days a week, increased to 4 days a week after a year.
While television broadcasts were carried out every day of the week in 1974, the broadcasts were watched by 55 percent of the country’s population.
Beginning from the New Year’s Eve on December 31, 1981, television broadcasts in Turkey began to take on color and in 1984, full color broadcasting was started.
Graphic: Hafiz Yurt Ates