The statement from the Ministry of Industry and Technology provided information about the scientific experiments to be carried out as part of Turkey’s first manned space mission.

The statement noted that a call for experiments was issued and the responses to this call were evaluated by the commission consisting of space experts from the Turkish Space Agency (TUA) and TÜBİTAK.

Gezeravcı’s experiments

The statement shared the following information about the experiments of Turkey’s first astronaut Gezeravcı:

The study of the production of high-strength, high-temperature resistant alloys with the UYNA experiment developed by TÜBİTAK Marmara Research Center (MAM) is carried out with ELF in the KIBO module. The effects of a gravity-free environment on properties such as thermophysics and crystal growth during melting and solidification processes are investigated. This is intended to make a significant contribution to Turkey’s ability to develop new generation materials for the space, aviation and defense industries.

The second gMETAL experiment project developed by TÜBİTAK MAM investigates the influence of gravity on the formation of a homogeneous mixture between solid particles and liquid medium under chemically inert conditions. This makes spacecraft propulsion systems more efficient.

The expert experiment developed by Boğaziçi University will carry out growth and endurance tests of microalgae species that have adapted to the harsh conditions in the world under non-gravity conditions, study their metabolic changes, and study the uptake performance of carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen ( O2) determined. The production capabilities were carried out with the life support partner TÜBİTAK MAM. The aim is to develop the system.

The EXTREMOPHYTE experiment developed by Ege University was used to analyze the transcriptome of A. thaliana and S. parvula plants growing in space and on Earth and subjected to salt stress by next-generation sequencing (RNA-seq) and Some physiological and molecular responses of glycophytic and halophytic plants to salt stress have been studied in microgravity. A comparison is planned.

The effects of space conditions on humans are shown

METABOLOM research conducted by Ankara University aims to reveal the negative effects of space conditions on human health. In order to reduce these negative effects, it is planned to study the physiological and biochemical changes in gene expression and metabolism of the astronauts participating in the space mission under the influence of the space environmental conditions. The aim of the study is to provide new information to understand the possible risk factors for astronauts’ health caused by system-wide changes in the body. It is also believed that the study could help develop new treatments and prevention measures for existing diseases worldwide.

The MYELOID experiment, developed by Hacettepe University, aims to immunologically measure the travel and space conditions that space mission participants will be exposed to, as well as cosmic radiation damage at the level of “myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MSKD)” and to rate.

The MESSAGE experiment, developed by Üsküdar University, aims to identify genes whose functions have not yet been discovered that are affected by the non-gravity environment and use the CRISPR gene to determine which immune cells are directly affected by gravity during space missions engineering methods are affected.

The ALGALSPACE experiment developed by Yıldız Technical University is the first in the literature to conduct a study on the use of polar algae in space by comparing the growth data of microalgae from Antarctica and the temperate zone in space. In space, algae are being researched for use in O2 regeneration from CO2, supplemental food supply, water improvement and life support.

With the CRISPR-GEM experiment carried out by the same university, the defense of plants, which form the backbone of bioregenerative life support systems, aims to solve the problem of the inability to provide a sustainable system during long-term space missions, one of the biggest obstacles it faces for the future of humanity in space, against biological and non-biological stresses that occur during space missions. The aim is to study the effectiveness of CRISPR, one of the modern gene editing techniques in molecular biology, aimed at understanding and improving mechanisms on plants in a microgravity environment.

The effect of propolis on bacteria in the microgravity environment is studied using the PRANET experiment prepared by students of Muş Science and Art Center. The antibacterial effect of propolis will be tested by creating control and experimental groups and comparing whether the results provide similar results to those in the gravity environment.

The VOKALKORD experiment carried out by Haliç University is planned to use artificial intelligence of smart watches to detect disturbances in the physiology of the respiratory system due to the frequency change of the voice and to study the effects of the microgravity environment on the human voice.

The aim of the OXYGEN SATURATION experiment conducted by Nişantaşı University is to identify the differences and inconveniences caused by low gravity by calculating the oxygen content of air using artificial intelligence.

With the MIYOKA experiment carried out by TÜBİTAK UZAY, the first Turkish astronaut will assemble lead-free components on the station’s electronic board. The electronic cards that will be released to the world after the space mission will be subjected to a detailed study by TÜBİTAK UZAY and the effects of microgravity on the lead-free soldering process will be made available to the scientific world.

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